Management of wildlife in captivity

According to Wildlife Conservation (Management of Wildlife in Captivity) Regulations, 2020, Wildlife captive facilities may be established in the following areas:

  • Outside any reserved land or conservation area
  • In a village land as per the land use plan or written approval from the relevant local government authority and
  • In a controlled environment.

Management of wildlife in captivity covers 4 main sub sectors which include:

  • Trophy Hunting,
  • Game meat production,
  • Photographic Tourism
  • Selling of manufactured trophies.

The functions of Director General are to;

(a) Overseeing and providing technical advice on the process of establishing wildlife captive facilities;

(b) Receiving and considering applications for establishing wildlife captive facilities;

(c) Maintaining a Register of all successful applicants of wildlife captive facilities;

(d) Scrutinizing all successful applications and making decisions on whether or not a wildlife captive facility should be registered;

(e) Issuing certificates of registration and trophy dealer’s license to successful applicants of wildlife captive facilities;

(f) Issuing a parent stock capture permit for obtaining parent stock from the wild or from wildlife captive facility with the consent of the owner;

(g) Assessing and evaluating the performance of operators in the management of wildlife captive facilities;

(h) Overseeing conservation activities in wildlife captive facilities;

(i) Conducting resource monitoring and inventory;

(j) Monitoring and evaluating animal population trends;

(k) Determining the continuation of wildlife captive facilities including supervising exercise;

 (l) Providing guidelines for the development of management plans;

(m) Overseeing the provision of research, extension and training concerning wildlife captive facilities including supervising the exercise;

(n) Issuing permits for various forms of wildlife utilization in wildlife captive facilities;

(o) In collaboration with other relevant authorities, provide a wildlife quarantine facility;

(p) Inspecting wildlife captive facilities;

 

Game meat selling

According to Wildlife Conservation (Game Meat Selling) Regulations, 2020 the Director General is the overseer of the establishment of Game Meat Selling Facilities. The sources of game meat shall be from resident hunting, tourist hunting, wildlife farms, ranches, zoos, culling, cropping and problem animal control.

Any persons who desire to own and operate a game meat selling facility shall submit an application for registration to the Director General with regard of the followings;

(a) That the applicant is a citizen of the United Republic of Tanzania and in the event of a body corporate, at least 51% of the shares are held by a citizen or citizens of the United Republic of Tanzania;

(b) Business plan related to the proposed undertaking that includes business description (game meat products, geographical location, designs and amenities of a game meat selling facility), capital, targeted customers, financial analysis and expected cash flow, expected sources of game meat, game meat transactions control mechanism, and in case the business involves slaughtering and dressing, the plan and designs shall be clearly shown;

(c) That the application is in line with the guidelines issued by the Director General;

(d) That the applicant has paid the prescribed fees;

(e) That the applicant has complied with other relevant laws;

(f) That the applicant has submitted- (i) a copy of Tax Clearance Certificate if the applicant is a body corporate; (ii) a copy of a certificate of registration, memorandum and articles of association, if the applicant is a body corporate; and (iii) a copy of Tax Payer’s Identification Number (TIN);

 

Permit and Licence

Licence

Tanzania has a well established licensing system to allow its citizens and non-citizen to engage in wildlife associated business. Licence is issued under the Wildlife Conservation (Dealing in Trophies) Regulations, 2010. Applications for trophy dealer’s licence are made to the Conservation Commissioner for TAWA using the form set in the regulations. Applications are scrutinized by the Trophy Dealer’s Licence advisory Committee using the criteria set in the Regulation. Applications are open from 1st October to 15th November each year and successful applicants are issued licence by 1st January.

Classes of the licence issued and fees charges are indicated in the table below

CLASS

DESCRIPTION

FEES (TZS)

1.

Dealing in Hippopotamus teeth or Warthog tushes in a whole condition or piece without being submitted to any process other than necessary for preservation

50,000.00

2.

Dealing in game skins, other than Hyrax and Colobus monkey skins, in whole condition or as piece without being submitted to any other process other than for preservation.

30,000.00

3.

Dealing in Hyrax skins in any condition

30,000.00

4.

Polishing, carvings, manufacturing or commercial processing of Hippopotamus teeth or Warthog tushes and sale of same and any articles made therefrom

30,000.00

5.

Cutting, manufacturing or commercial processing of tanned skins of Leopard, Lion, Serval or other cat skins and any dealing in articles made from those skins.

30,000.00

6.

Cutting, manufacturing or commercial processing of tanned skins of game animals other than Hyrax and Colobus monkey skins, and any dealing in articles made from these skins

30,000.00

7.

Dealing in manufactured trophies

30,000.00

8.

Dipping, curing and tanning of game trophies

30,000.00

9.

Commercial processing or dealing in game bones, horn or feet and articles made therefrom

30,000.00

10.

Commercial processing or dealing in animal tails other than elephant and rhino and articles made therefrom

30,000.00

11.

Clearing and forwarding of trophies

30,000.00

12.

Commercial dealing in live or stuffed birds

30,000.00

13.

Commercial dealing in live primates

30,000.00

14.

Commercial dealing in live mammals other than primates

30,000.00

15.

Commercial dealing in live or stuffed reptiles

30,000.00

16.

Commercial dealing in other live or stuffed animals

30,000.00

17.

Keeping a zoo

100,000.00

18.

Game farm

200,000.00

19.

Quarantine station

100,000.00

20.

Game Ranch

300,000.00

21.

Any trophy dealing other than those specified in class (1) to (20) above as may be specified on the license

50,000.00

More information about conditions attached to every class, application form, renewal and import and export of trophies are well documented in the Wildlife Conservation (Dealing in Trophies) Regulations, 2010.

Permits

TAWA is responsible for issuing permits to allow its customers to access tourism products and services. Some of the common permits and certificates issued include export, import and re-export permits, trophy export certificates, trophy ownership certificates, hunting permits, entry permits, and photographic tourism activities. These permits are issued based on the specific product or service.

Tanzania Census 2022