Tanzania Wildlife Management Authority (TAWA) was established as a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal, in line with Section 8 of the Wildlife Conservation Act 2009 (Cap 283), through a Government Notice No. 135 published on 9th May 2014. It became operational on the 1st July of 2016 with core responsibilities of biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of wildlife resources outside National Parks and Ngorongoro Conservation Area. This entails managing a total area of 136,287.06 km2 comprising of Game Reserves, Game Controlled Areas, Ramsar site and Open areas. In addition, TAWA oversees the management of wildlife in captivity (farms, zoos, ranches, sanctuaries and orphanage centers) and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). TAWA is mandated to undertake the followings:
- Improve the management and administration of Game Reserves and Game Controlled Areas.
- Collect revenue from various sources for improvement of the wildlife management.
- Realize optimal wildlife economic potential.
- Conserve wildlife population more efficiently and effectively.
- Improve human, physical, financial, and information resources required for managing wildlife and natural resources.
- Improve conditions for field staff by providing adequate salaries, good living standards, and fringe benefits so as to make the personnel more effective and efficient
- Manage all areas that are designated as Game Reserves and Game controlled areas.
- Manage and protect wildlife in corridors, dispersal areas, wetlands, open areas and public land.
- Oversee the management of wildlife in village land, Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), zoos, wildlife sanctuaries, wildlife ranches and wildlife farms based on the guidelines developed by Director of Wildlife.
- Manage human wildlife conflict/interactions.
- Liaise with other institutions and agencies on matters related to wildlife conservation.
- Develop wildlife resources base investment.
- Issue, renew, cancel and revoke permit and licenses for wildlife utilization.
- Undertake law enforcement and curb illegal off-take of wildlife resources.
- Educate stakeholders on the values of wildlife resources and sensitize them on their protection.
- Ensure participatory wildlife management and benefit sharing among stakeholders.
- Participate in implementation of Government commitment to National, Regional and international obligations on conservation of wildlife.
- Ensure good governance practices in managing wildlife resources in areas of its jurisdiction.
- Foster institutional development and capacity building.
TAWA has five core values that govern its operations;
We deliver our services with professionalism, transparency and honesty while upholding highest ethical standards.
We are result-oriented, honor our commitments and take responsibility for our actions.
We embrace forward-thinking solutions in addressing challenges facing the wildlife sector.
We are result-oriented and set high performance expectations for quality service delivery.
We partner with communities and relevant stakeholders in undertaking our duties and delivering our services.
Our mission is "Supporting recreation and prosperity through conservation".
Our vision is to be “Excellence in conservation of wildlife resources”