Investment

Overview of Conservation in Tanzania

Tanzania is recognized globally for its natural heritage, it ranks fourth in terms of natural resources attractiveness. Tanzania is famous for world’s renowned icons such as Mount Kilimanjaro – the highest mountain in Africa; world’s longest wildebeest migration, the spice Islands of Zanzibar and Pemba and the Ngorongoro Crater, the eighth wonders of the world. This mega-diversity nation has set aside about 40.5% of land for different types of protected areas that include national parks, game reserves, game controlled areas, conservation areas, forest reserves, marine parks and reserves.

Tanzania tourism industry is 90% wildlife based and accounts for 17.5% of the GDP and 25% of foreign exchange earnings. It creates direct and indirect employment opportunities to more than a million people.

TAWA recognizes the need to utilize wildlife resources sustainably for the present and future generations. TAWA will ensure all investments in protected areas are conducted in a manner that supports conservation and community livelihood.

Investment opportunities

Investment in TAWA is controlled by the Wildlife Conservation Cap 283, and regulated by the Wildlife Conservation (Non-Consumptive Wildlife Utilization) Regulations 2016; the Wildlife Conservation (tourist hunting) Regulations 2015 and its amendments of 2017 and 2019; the Wildlife Conservation (Special Wildlife Concession) Regulations 2019 as well as investment guidelines issued at time to time.

  1. Selous Game Reserve

Selous Game Reserve is the oldest protected area in Tanzania, established in 1896. The reserve is also known as the “Wild Heart of Africa”, as a result of abundance in species of wild plants and animals, diverse landscapes including the Great Ruaha and Rufiji rivers flowing through the reserve. In 1982 UNESCO proclaimed Selous Game Reserve a World Heritage Site and today continues to live up to its esteemed status. It is connected with Mikumi and Nyerere National Parks.

Selous is a home to over 400 species of birds and reptiles, 2000 species of plants as well as a wide range of wildlife. Selous is famous for hosting high diversity of wildlife such as Elephants, Lion, Buffalos, Leopards, Hippopotamus, Wildebeest, Sable antelope, Eland, Greater kudu, Waterbuck, Hartebeest, Zebra, Giraffe, Reedbuck, Warthog and Spotted hyena. Wild dog and Rhino can be occasionally sighted. The reserve offers opportunities for hunting and photographic tourism.

Investment opportunities in Selous Game Reserve:

  • Special Wildlife Concession Areas (SWICA)

Currently, there are four blocks (Selous M3, Selous MHJ2 and Selous MT1) available for investment under the Special Wildlife Concession Areas Model. This model allows concessioners with more time for investment up to 30 years renewable; more investment options, allows innovative tourism investments and diversification of tourism products and services.

Investment in Special Wildlife Concession Areas could be done through solicited or unsolicited proposals. Under solicited arrangement, business proposals are submitted in response to a request or solicitation issued by the Authority within the context of a competitive selection procedure. With regard to the unsolicited arrangements, business proposals are submitted to the Authority on the initiative of the applicant for the purpose of obtaining a concession contract.

  1. Mpanga/Kipengere Game Reserve

Mpanga/Kipengere Game Reserve is located in the southern highlands of Tanzania. The reserve has unique flora and fauna, scenic beauty, cultural heritage features of Nyumbanitu mini-forest and Kimani waterfalls, Kipengere ranges and Mpanga highlands. These features makes the reserve ideal for trekking, mountaineering, walking and hiking, walking safaris, hiking, horse riding, game and flora viewing, swimming and biking. The reserve harbors a variety of small to mega fauna including rodents, primates, mammals, birds, reptile, amphibians and fish. The area is also rich in both resident bird (Denham’s Bustard) and migratory birds such as Blue Swallow and Abdimis stork. The area is accessible by road, railway and air via Songwe International Airport.

Investment opportunities in Mpanga Kipengere Game Reserve:

No

Site

Type of Investment  

Capacity

1

Kimani Waterfalls

Tented camp/ lodges

50 beds

2

Mkwawa

Tented camp/ lodges

50 beds

3

Ibaga

Tented camp/ lodge

50 beds

  1. Kijereshi Game Reserve

Kijereshi Game Reserve is situated in north eastern part of Tanzania. It covers an area of about 65.7 square kilometers of grassland plains, savanna, riverine forest and woodlands dominated by acacia trees. The reserve is part of the Serengeti Ecosystem and form a very crucial route for the Wildebeest migration to the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya. Some of the common and widely distributed wildlife species include Lion, Buffalo, Elephant, Impala, Wildebeest, Jackal, Giraffe, Zebra, Ostrich, Hyena and Warthog. During the dry season the reserve turns into a refuge for wildlife from Serengeti National Park. The reserve is ideal for photographic tourism activities and investment in accommodation establishments. The reserve can be reached by road and air though Seronera Airport.

Investment opportunities in Kijereshi Game Reserve

No.

Site

Type of Investment

Capacity

1

Mitimirefu

Tented camp/ lodges

50 beds

2

Irandoriver

Tented camp/ lodges

50 beds

 

Tanzania Census 2022