Community Based Conservation

Strengthening Community Based Conservation (CBOs) is one of the strategic objectives of TAWA. Community Based Wildlife Management (CBWM) also referred as Community Based Conservation (CBC) is an engagement/outreach program aiming at empowering and involving communities in management of wildlife resources. In this approach TAWA encourages and facilitates communities to set aside a piece of land, establish wildlife management areas and form a community based organization (CBO) to manage wildlife resources in village land, corridors, dispersal areas and buffer zones. Currently, there are 38, Wildlife Management Areas at different stages of establishment country wide. Among them, 22 have attained Authorized Associations-AAs status and have the right to utilize wildlife resources. Through Authorized Associations community participate in conservation activities, decision making and have the right to access the benefits sharing mechanism of wildlife resources as per Wildlife Conservation Act No. 5 of 2009.

Apart from above approaches, the villages rich in wildlife resources have been given a legal mandate of entering into agreement with photographic tourism companies. In this case 60% of revenue accrued is re-disbursed to respective village for their own community developments projects.

The organization believes that dissemination of conservation education and awareness raising is the pillar to combating illegal off take and unsustainable use wildlife resources. This mode of outreach programs aims at providing necessary information to communities on the rules and regulations pertaining to management and sustainable use of wildlife resources and their habitats. Such includes provision of technical support and training to AA members, District Natural Resources Advisory Board, protection from dangerous animals and crop raid to reduce human wildlife conflicts, importance of conservation and wise use of wildlife resources which makes communities realize the benefit of conservation and feel a sense of ownership or commitment in conservation of wildlife. Conservation education is offered by wildlife officers/wardens through TAWA Malihai Clubs of Tanzania and Game Reserves/out stations through regular awareness programs. These programs intend to reach communities in villages around protected areas, students in schools/colleges/university environmental clubs and the public in general. Education is also provided through news papers, radios and televisions programs. Moreover, conservation education is spread during commemoration of national or international conservation events such as world wildlife day, world wildlife migratory day, water bird migratory day, wetlands day etc.

In this program TAWA support various Community Initiated Development Projects (CIP) including schools buildings, village offices, health centers, water or bore holes. Others includes support environmental friendly projects such green micro projects such as bee keeping-beehives, fish farms, tree nursery equipment, cattle water trough just a few to mention.

On other hand support of community development projects is done by disbursement of 25% revenue accrued from game fees of hunting tourism in villages adjacent to a particular hunting block. In this modal of support a respective district receives the revenue accrued in a particular hunting block in which 40% of this money is reinvested in conservation activities and 60% to be devoted for development projects in a respective village.

The authority is working with local communities to reduce damages from wildlife by establishing the buffer zones around protected Areas. In case the communities properties are damaged by wildlife and even in cases of human injury, the authority promptly conduct assessment of the damages and through the ministry compensate for the damages.

Tanzania Census 2022