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What is wildlife conservation?

Wildlife conservation means protection and sustainable utilization of wildlife resource.

TAWA is an autonomous organisation which among it's major roles is to conserve, manage and administer wildlife resources. The organisation is mandated to sustainably protect wildlife resources in protected areas including 28 Game Reserves, 42 Game Controlled Areas, 4 Ramsar Sites, 38 Wildlife Management Areas, wildlife outside protected areas such as village lands and captivity.


The responsibility of TAWA in wildlife conservation is through wildlife development, community outreach, wildlife protection, utilization, and conservation of game reserves.

Activities divided into different areas

Wildlife development

Wildlife development infers to the undertakings in the Protected Areas (Game Reserves, Game Controlled Areas and Ramsar Sites) that supports wildlife conservation, wildlife utilization and wildlife protection. The activities include conducting wildlife census, quota setting, fire management and diseases control, wildlife habitat manipulation, airstrips and accommodation construction to support conservation and tourism activities. Read more

Wildlife utilization

Wildlife utilization is a sustainable use of wildlife resource in a wise manner. TAWA, which is responsible for supervising sustainable utilization of both consumptive and non-consumptive wildlife, issues permits and licenses to wildlife utilization activities. The Authority undertakes utilization of wildlife resources e.g. through photographic and hunting tourism as a way of reducing old wildlife and at the same time generating income for the nation. Read more

Wildlife protection

Wildlife protection is a duty or an obligation of protecting wildlife in protected areas such as game reserves, game controlled areas and outside protected areas to ensure that wildlife resources are properly conserved and protected. Read more

Community based conservation

Community based conservation is an extension of conservation hand to communities living in areas surrounding protected areas so that they can be part of conservation and benefits from conservation. Read more

Protected areas

As part of Tanzania’s wildlife conservation strategy, certain areas of land or sea have been declared as protected areas by the President of Tanzania after consultation with the relevant authorities. These areas are specifically protected for maintenance of biological diversity, natural or associated cultural resources and managed through legal or other effective means. Special rules and regulations apply for these areas, e.g. related to settlement, tourism, hunting and other activities. Depending on their status, the areas are divided into four categories. Read more