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Tanzania is a very popular place for wildlife tourism for both Tanzanian and international tourists. The World Economic Forum has rated Tanzania 2nd in the world in terms of natural attractions.

Tourism is one of Tanzania’s biggest sources of income. The number of visitors has increased steadily over the last years. Wildlife tourism has become the most popular form of tourism – even more popular than beach tourism at Tanzania’s beautiful beaches. 

Tanzania offers a variety of beautiful landscapes including mountains like Kilimanjaro, Mount Meru, vast plains, rivers, waterfalls and lakes and places yet to be discovered. It also offers a spectacular diversity of wildlife that guarantees tourists an adventure and an unforgettable wildlife experience.

Wildlife tourism goes hand in hand with Tanzania’s wildlife conservation strategy implementing a sustainable wildlife development and wildlife utilization. Wildlife tourism is one important sector developed and supported by TAWA. Thus, it is the perfect place for investing in wildlife tourism and all sorts of related activities.

Places for tours

There are a lot of places for organizing safaris and other activities in Tanzania, most of them being protected areas. They are grouped into four categories: Game reserves, game controlled areas, Wildlife Management Areas and Ramsar sites. All these places are controlled and managed by TAWA and operated by licensed tour operators or hunting companies.

Tour operators can select a place to invest, build lodges, camps, tented camps etc. and to organize safaris for tourists. The places are either selected by TAWA after an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) or by the tour operator. In the latter case, the tour operator proposes the selected area which needs to be approved by TAWA. Usually, for the selected areas, TAWA provides the necessary infrastructure such as roads or airstrips. So all places can be reached by either car or airplane.  

Top places for organizing tours in TAWA’s protected areas

The three most popular places for safaris and other activities are:

A list of all protected areas including a brief description of the location and allowed activities can be found under Conservation > Protected areas.

Activities in TAWA’s protected areas

Tour operators can select from a variety of activities that they can organize for tourists in the protected areas. The most popular activities being photographic safaris, hunting safaris (see Services > Hunting companies), Sport fishing etc. The allowed activities differ for each protected area. All activities are regulated by TAWA in accordance to the strategic plan for a sustainable wildlife development and wildlife utilization.

Activities include non-consumptive and consumptive options. Non-consumptive means that no wildlife will be consumed, e.g. in case of photo safaris, while consumptive involves the killing of old wildlife, e.g. on hunting safaris.

List of allowed activities

  • Photographic safari
  • Walking safari
  • Boat safaris
  • Biking safari
  • Hunting safari
  • Horse riding
  • Sport fishing
  • Ballooning
  • Rafting 

The list of activities including a brief description can be found under Conservation > Wildlife utilization.

A tour operator can propose and apply for new activities to TAWA. TAWA then reviews the applications. In case of approval, TAWA then regulates and licenses the new activity.

Licensing and fees

Tanzanian tour operators or international tour operators in partnership with Tanzanian partners can apply for a tour operator license to organize safaris and other activities in TAWA’s protected areas. The license is issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT). It is issued for whole Tanzania and for limited period of time.

To insure a sustainable wildlife development and wildlife utilization, in addition to the tour operator license, tour operators need to pay entrance fees for the protected areas as well as activity fees for their clients. The fees are different for each protected area and each type of activity. The fees can be paid on site, e.g. at the gates of a game reserve or using TAWA’s online safari management system. 

A: Entry fees - Selous, Ikorongo, Grumeti and Maswa Game Reserves

Age group Citizen (Tanzanian Shillings) For 24 Hours* Non citizen (US Dollars) For 24 Hours*
(a) Aged 18 years and Above 5,000.00 50.00
(b) Aged 5-17 years 3,000.00 30.00
(c) Aged below 5 years FreeFree

* Fee per person per day

List of registered tour operators

A list of licensed tour operators can be found here.


For more information on wildlife tourism in our protected areas, rules & regulations, licenses, fees or investment opportunities contact TAWA’s office in Morogoro.