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What is wildlife utilization?

Wildlife utilization is the use of wildlife resource in a wise manner ; and this has to be sustainable . TAWA, is responsible for supervising sustainable utilization of both consumptive and non-consumptive uses. It  issues permits and licenses for any  wildlife utilization activities.  e.g. through photographic and hunting tourism as a way of reducing old wildlife and at the same time generating revenue to enhance  management  effectiveness.

Forms of utilization

There are different forms of wildlife utilization which are grouped into two categories: consumptive and non-consumptive utilization. Non-consumptive relating to activities such as photographic safaris that do not consume, thus destroy wildlife and consumptive relating to activities such as hunting where old wildlife resources are killed.

Photographic tourism

Photographic tourism is the invitation of both local and foreign tourists to visit game reserves/protected areas to photograph wildlife in their natural habitat without killing them. The tour can be by walking safaris, hiking, bush dinner, rafting and game viewing in game drives. When tourists arrive at game reserves, they pay entrance fees and other related charges which go to coffers of the Tanzania government.

Hunting tourism

Hunting tourism is  visiting game reserves, game controlled areas, Wildlife management areas and hunting blocks outside protected areas  with intention of acquiring trophy through shooting old wildlife under permission and supervision of professional hunters (PH) assisted by wildlife ranger.

Tourists wishing to conduct hunting tourism in Tanzania has to apply through hunting companies for license to acquire trophy.  The tourists are then allowed to bring in three rifles of different calibres and 200 ammunitions of each calibre which they use and thereafter return with them( ammunition) to their homes of origin if not used. As for the rifles, they return home with them.  The permit for hunting a certain species of wildlife is for 21 day after which it expires. The tourists are assisted by professional hunters who direct them which animal to shoot down as they are not allowed to shoot any animal as some might be pregnant.

Live animal trade

Live animal trade is a business conducted by either Tanzanian business owners or in collaboration with international partners exporting certain kinds of species. This includes amongst others birds, monkeys, turtles, frogs, nile crocodiles, chameleons, snakes, scorpions or butterflies.

TAWA is issuing licenses for live animal trade. Business owners have to apply for a license which will then be reviewed. The application period lasts from October 1 until November 15 each year. After approval and payment of the license fees, a license valid for one year will be issued and a quota for the different species will be assigned.

Note: As of today (2016), live animal trade has been temporarily suspended by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT)  and currently  regulations related to live animal trade are on  review.

Sport fishing

Sport fishing is an increasingly popular non-consumptive form of wildlife utilization for both local and foreign tourists. The idea of sport fishing is to go fishing, catch a fish take a picture and then release the fish. TAWA’s protected areas offer a great variety of fishes amongst which tilapia, cat fish, kumba, pelege and many more. The most popular locations for sport fishing in Tanzania are Rufiji river, Lake Tagalala, Lake Manze, Lake Siwandu and Lake Nzelekela all located in the Selous Game Reserve.

Sport fishing does not require any license. Instead, an activity fee for a limited period of time and a set number of fishes needs to be paid. It can be paid individually or through tour operators. In the activity fee, guidance and protection provided by one of TAWA’s rangers is included.

Walking safaris

A walking safari is an activity for tourists interested in visiting Tanzania’s natural attractions in Game Reserves, Game Controlled Areas, Wildlife Management Areas or Ramsar Sites. On a walking safari, tourists get as close as possible to wildlife. An unforgettable wildlife experience is guaranteed. Walking safaris are usually guided by a ranger or game scout guaranteeing the protection against the different dangers from wildlife.

For this kind of activity, tourists need to pay a daily fee which e.g. can be paid at the gates of the protected areas. The same applies for tour operators which in addition have the possibility to pay the activity fees in advance using TAWA’s online management system for safaris. 

Horse riding

Horse riding is a relatively new form of wildlife utilization established only in 2014. It is mainly offered by some operators in Northern Tanzania, e.g. in Enduiment and Ikorongo Wildlife Management Area or in Grumet Game Reserve at Sasakwa lodge. Tourists looking for an adventure have the chance to ride through the protected areas accompanied by guides and rangers. On a horse riding, tourists get very close to wildlife so that an unforgettable experience is guaranteed.

For this kind of activity, tourists need to pay a daily fee which can be paid to TAWA directly or through the tour operator. 

Biking safaris

A biking safari is a relatively new form of wildlife utilization. For now, it is offered in Grumet Game Reserve by selected operators. Bikers looking for a challenge and interested in mastering new kinds of terrains or bikers simply driving and enjoying the view find perfect locations in TAWA’s protected areas. Biking safaris allow tourists an unforgettable experience close to Tanzania’s amazing nature and wildlife.

For this kind of activity, tourists need to pay a daily fee which can be paid to TAWA directly or through the tour operator.



If you need more information about wildlife utilization, please contact TAWA's office in Morogoro.