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What is Community Based Conservation?

Community Based Conservation is an extension of conservation hand to communities living in areas surrounding protected areas so that they can be part of conservation and benefits from conservation. This is done to communities around to the protected areas and at the landscape level. It involves Communication Education, Participation and Public Awareness (CEPA) in Short Conservation Education, Conservation Development Projects and Compensation from damages caused by wildlife. Communities are also involved in the establishment of the Wildlife Management Areas and Wise use of Wetlands resources in the Ramsar.

Forms of Community Based Conservation

Conservation Education

It involves outreach programmes, which is aiming at raising conservation awareness through education. Community outreach is also done to help necessary information to protect the community from dangerous animals and crop raids. This is also aimed at reducing human wildlife conflicts and makes the community realise the benefit of conservation and feel a sense of ownership or commitment in conservation of wildlife. Communities participate in conservation activities and decision-making through establishment of Wildlife Management Areas, which are the pivot to conservation of the wildlife corridors, dispersal Areas, and breeding and open Areas.

Conservation education is provided through conservation clubs in schools, collages and universities, commemoration of the conservation days; world wildlife day, world wildlife migratory day, water bird migratory day, wetlands day etc. Education is also provided through news papers, radios and televisions. 

Community development projects

The authority in collaboration with other partners works together to initiate environmentally friendly projects. These include projects that send the message of the wildlife as a competitive land use. These include construction of roads, schools, health centers to communities around Protected Areas.

Compensation from damages caused by wildlife

The authority is working with local communities to reduce damages from wildlife by establishing the buffer zones around protected Areas. In case the communities properties are damaged by wildlife and even in cases of human injury, the authority promptly conduct assessment of the damages and through the ministry compensate for the damages.


If you need more information about community based conservation, please contact TAWA's office in Morogoro.

Mr. Leonard Mayeta

Principle Wildlife Officer

Phone: +255 (0)23 29342046